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Spirit Newsletter nº15 / February 2017

RESOURCES

Entry into export markets and quality certifications: evidence from developing countries
March 24 2017 by INKOA

This paper investigates whether internationally recognized quality certifications can facilitate firms in developing countries to penetrate the export markets, a typical challenge owing mainly to information asymmetries on product quality. Applying a multi-level regression approach that controls for endogeneity to the 2006-2013 firmlevel and national-level data for 111 developing countries primarily from the World Bank Enterprise Survey, results indicated that adopting ISO certifications enable firms in developing nations to enter foreign markets. This underscores the importance of policymakers in developing countries to encourage their domestic firms to acquire internationally recognized certificates for both the firm’s and the nation’s growth.

Impact of Manufacturing Equipment on Growth of Smallholder Agro-processing Industry in Bureti District, Kericho County, Kenya
March 3 2017 by INKOA

A gradual shift from agriculture to industry has been witnessed in the pattern of economic growth in developing countries over the past decade. Agro-processing is being focused-on as the main driver of the transformation from primary agriculture to industry to provide additional income generating opportunities. Inspite of the emerging importance of agro-processing in the industrialization process its growth has been faced with the constraints of access to agro-processing technologies, especially among smallholder agribusinesses. This research sought to determine the extent to which access to manufacturing equipment impact on growth of smallholder agro-processing industry using a cross-sectional descriptive design. The study found that costs of acquiring manufacturing equipment and distances to sources of manufacturing equipment, as influential factors of access to technology, have inverse relationships with growth of smallholder agro-processing industry. For instance chi-square test for relationship between distances to manufacturing equipment sources and the number of smallholder agro-processing businesses set up was significant at 0.05 confidence level (ρ-value = 0.002). It was established that long distances travelled to purchase manufacturing equipment are critical impediments to growth in number of smallholder agro-processing businesses. Similar trends were observed between cost of manufacturing equipment and growth in number of agro-processing businesses as high costs of equipment constrained the access to – and – therefore reduced the rate of growth in number of small agroprocessing businesses. Diversity of processing equipment was found to be low and had linear relationship with growth of the industry. It was therefore concluded that low level of access and narrow range of agromanufacturing equipment significantly constrain the growth in number of smallholder agro-processing units. It was recommended that governments should create conducive environment for local manufacture of agromanufacturing equipment as a strategy of stimulating and decentralizing agro-industrialization of rural areas. 

Participatory Evaluation of Resilient Potato Varieties in Climate-Smart Villages of Lushoto in Tanzania
March 24 2017 by INKOA

This three-year study conducted by the International Potato Centre (CIP) in collaboration with Selian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI) was based on demand by Lushoto farmers through the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). This participatory action research (PAR) was aimed at developing more resilient potato varieties that can grow in both long and short rainy seasons and give higher yields. The approach involved training-of-trainers (ToT) and participatory varietal selection (PVS) experiments.  The training was supported by field experiments using the CIP Mother and Baby Trials model. The trials were carried out in five villages: Kwesine, Boheloi, Maringo, Kwekitui and Milungui. Experimental materials comprised six advanced and heat tolerant clones from CIP (CIP390478.9, CIP388767.1, CIP392797.22, CIP300055.32, CIP398208.29 and CIP397073.7), two local varieties (Kidinya and Obama), an improved variety recently registered in Tanzania (Asante) and a popular farmer’s variety but registered in Kenya (Shangii). A cross-analysis of field and culinary data combining quantitative and qualitative assessments from the three seasons of field evaluations showed a certain consistency in the high yielding ability and acceptability of four genotypes, namely Asante, Shangii, CIP392797.22 and CIP398208.29. The two clones were then named by farmers and proposed for official release while Shangii was proposed for registration for commercial use.

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NEWS

EVENTS

Farmers in Tanzania benefit from more resilient potato varieties

March 24 2017

Based on demand by Lushoto farmers, a study was initiated in 2013. This participatory action research (PAR) was led by the International Potato Center (CIP) in partnership with Selian Agricultural Research Institute (SARI), Lushoto District Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock Cooperatives Office (DAICO), YARA Tanzania Limited, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and Lushoto farmers.

Kenyan Potato processors contract 23,000 farmers to meet consumer demand

March 24 2017

Some 23,000 farmers in 13 potato-producing counties have signed contracts with various processors in Kenya to buy the produce to supply enough food to consumers. The contacts will be signed through the East Africa Potato Consortium that was formed in 2015 in a partnership between the NPCK, Grow Africa and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa. The contracted farmers are from various groups and cooperatives in Meru, Elgeyo Marakwet, Nyandarua, Nakuru, Bungoma, Bomet and Laikipia counties.

LEAP-Agri 2017 Call for Proposals on Sustainable Agriculture and Aquaculture for Nutrition and Food Security in Africa

March 8 2017

This call for preliminary proposals invites consortia composed of at least four research organisations and/or private and public practitioners from four of the partner countries (two African and two European) to submit project proposals for research and innovation in the countries concerned with an added value for the EU‐AU partnership on food and nutrition security and sustainable agriculture (FNSSA). The proposal development and execution should be driven by local demand and include an approach that contributes to enhancing impact. Specific requirements for applicants may differ between institutes/countries.

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African Landscapes Dialogue: Integrated Landscape Management in Practice

From 06/03/2017 to 09/03/2017 — Horn of Africa Regional Environment Center, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

All those working to achieve sustainable development, food security and climate resilience in Africa are invited to join this powerful multi-day learning and sharing event.

Leaders from community and farmer organizations, local governments, food and agri-businesses, NGOs and other stakeholders across Africa are working together through integrated landscape management to achieve multiple goals from their land and resources. They take different entry points and use different names, including forest landscape restoration, model forests, sustainable land and water management, and agriculture green growth corridors, to name just a few.

 

Call for Proposals 2017: RUFORUM Community Action Research Programme

From 27/03/2017 to 27/03/2017 — Kenya, Uganda

The Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) in partnership with The MasterCard Foundation is implementing an eight year programme “Transforming African Agricultural Universities to meaningfully contribute to Africa’s growth and development (TAGDev)”. The TAGDev Programme seeks to transform African agricultural universities and their graduates to better respond to developmental challenges through enhanced application of science, technology, business and innovation for rural agricultural transformation. This 2017 Call for proposals for the Community Action Research Programme (CARP+) targeted to Egerton University and Gulu University and financed by TAGDev Programme. The CARP program aims to encourage universities to develop and invest in more comprehensive and sustained action research into a particular geographical area or in a selected commodity along the full value chain.

For this initial call ONLY proposals from Gulu University or Egerton University will be eligible. A follow up call to award four additional CARP+ projects will be released in August 2017 and will be open to all RUFORUM member universities.

SWITCH-Africa Green Call for Proposals Information Session

From 01/03/2017 to 01/03/2017 — European Commission, DG EuropeAid, Room J-54 00/SDR2, Rue Joseph II 54, Brussels (Belgium)

The European Commission organises an information session on the Switch Africa Green II call for proposals.

European Commission representatives will explain in detail the objectives of the programme and the application procedures.

Participation is free but registration is required. Please confirm your participation by Wednesday 22 February 2017 at the latest to thibaut.portevin@ec.europa.eu, indicating name, surname, nationality and email address of the persons who are going to participate as well as their organisation (max. two participants per organisation).

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The contents of this document are the sole responsibility of the consortium and can under no circumstances be regarded as reflecting the position of the European Union.

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